|More about In-Hand Manipulation Skills
the other hand. It is, perhaps, the most complex fine motor skill. Three types of skills have
been identified as being important components of in-hand manipulation. These are
translation, shift and rotation. Translation is the movement of objects between the palm
and fingertips, similar to moving coins from the palm to the fingertips to place them into a
vending machine slot. Shift involves moving objects between the fingers. An example is
"walking" the fingers along the shaft of a pencil, from eraser to pencil tip. Rotation is the
turning of an object around using the pads of the fingers, such as flipping a pencil around so
it's point end is where the eraser end was. All of these components are needed to get the
object oriented so it's just right for using, viewing or grasping.
Why is this important?
activities that would typically require only one. Or they may need to unnecessarily stabilize
an object against their body or an external support to get the job done. They may appear
clumsy when handling objects or be slow to complete projects. Many daily activities require
this high level hand skill. Examples include positioning a pencil when writing and drawing,
adjusting grip on paper when cutting with scissors, using a fork and knife. Positioning
buttons, zippers, snaps and laces for dressing involve these subtle hand movements.
Operating tools, handling nuts and bolts, nails, turning a screwdriver-- all involve in-hand
Pocket Full Of Therapy